Canadian patent courts and appeals
This article describes which bodies handle approval, rejection, and disputes of patent validity in Canada.
 The entities
From highest to lowest:
- Supreme Court
- Federal Court of Appeal
- Federal Court
Below this, the path depends on the nature of the case. For the path of a patent application, see the Amazon example below.
 Example case: Amazon's 1-click
Decision making entities are in bold:
- 1998-09-11: Amazon submits its application
- 2004-06-01: the patent examiner rejects the application
- 2009-03-04: the Patent Review Panel (of the patent office?) upholds the rejection
- Note: the Commissioner of Patents accepted the panel's findings and the panel's "reasons" thus become also the Commissioners "reasons"
- 2010-10-14: the Federal Court rules that the rejection was not valid (see Amazon v. Commissioner of Patents (2010, Canada))
- Terminology: that was "an appeal of a decision by the Commissioner of Patents" but the court does not have "appeal" in its name
- 2010-11-15: an appeal is lodged at the Federal Court of Appeals
 Note: unusual delays
The decision of the Federal Court notes that the 6-year span between application and rejection was unusually long because the application was amended multiple times, and the 5-year wait for a decision from the Patent Review Panel was unusually long because two members of the panel retired and the case had to be heard a second time.
 Related pages on en.swpat.org
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